1. grateful
    • I am very grateful to you for helping me study for my exams.
    • 讲解:「grateful」意为感激的、感谢的。在这个句子中,说话者对帮助他/她准备考试的人表示了感激之情。这个词常用于表达对别人的帮助或好意的感激。
  2. sincere
    • His apology seemed sincere, so I forgave him.
    • 讲解:「sincere」意味着真诚的、诚恳的。这个例句里,说话者认为对方的道歉是出自内心的,因此选择了原谅对方。在表达道歉或感情时,表明其真诚性是很重要的。
  3. charming
    • The way he smiles is really charming and makes everyone like him.
    • 讲解:「charming」指的是有魅力的、迷人的。例句中提到某人微笑的方式非常迷人,让所有人都喜欢他。这个词经常用来形容某人或某物吸引人的特质。
  4. loyal
    • She is a loyal friend who always stands by me in difficult times.
    • 讲解:「loyal」的意思是忠诚的。这句话说的是,她是一个在困难时期总是支持我的忠诚朋友。忠诚是衡量友情和其他人际关系的重要标准。
  5. give up
    • Never give up on your dreams, no matter how hard it seems.
    • 讲解:「give up」意为放弃。例句鼓励人们无论梦想看起来有多难实现,都不应该放弃。这个短语常用于励志或面对挑战的情境中。
  6. make up
    • After the argument, they decided to make up and remain friends.
    • 讲解:「make up」在这里的意思是和解、弥补。句子的意思是,经过争论之后,他们决定和解并保持朋友关系。在描述争执后的和解时经常使用这个短语。
  7. give way
    • The driver gave way to the pedestrians, showing respect for their safety.
    • 讲解:「give way」表示让路。这句话描述了一位司机为了行人的安全而让路,显示出对他们安全的尊重。这个短语常用于交通和道路安全的语境中。
  8. make way
    • The crowd made way for the ambulance to get through.
    • 讲解:「make way」也有让路的意思,但常用于表达为某些紧急情况或重要人物让出通道。这个例句讲述了人群为了让救护车通过而让路。
  9. extend
    • We should extend our help to those in need whenever possible.
    • 讲解:「extend」意为延伸、扩大,但在这里指的是提供或者伸出(帮助)。这句话的意思是我们应该尽可能地向需要帮助的人伸出援手。这个词常用于表示帮助和支持的延伸。
  10. welcome
    • The community welcome committee makes newcomers feel at home.
    • 讲解:「welcome」的意思是欢迎。这个例句描述的是社区欢迎委员会让新来者感觉像在家一样。这个词经常用于描述对新人或访客的热情接待。
  11. settle
    • It’s important to settle any disagreements with friends quickly.
    • 讲解:「settle」意味着解决或安定。这个例句表达了一个观点:与朋友之间的任何分歧都应该迅速解决。这是在人际关系和解决冲突中常用的动词,强调了处理问题的及时性。
  12. spread
    • She loves to spread joy by giving small gifts to her classmates.
    • 讲解:「spread」的意思是传播。这句话描述了一个人通过给同学们送小礼物来传播快乐的行为。这个词经常用来描述正面情绪或信息的传递。
  13. courteous
    • Being courteous to others by saying ‘please’ and ‘thank you’ is essential for good manners.
    • 讲解:「courteous」意指有礼貌的。这个例句强调了在保持良好礼仪方面,对他人说“请”和“谢谢”是基本的表现。它与日常礼貌和社交互动紧密相关。
  14. considerate
    • He is always considerate of his friends’ feelings before making decisions.
    • 讲解:「considerate」意为体贴的、考虑周到的。例句说明了在做决定之前,他总是考虑到朋友的感受。这个词强调了在人际交往中考虑他人的重要性。
  15. thoughtless
    • It was thoughtless of him to play loud music while his roommate was studying.
    • 讲解:「thoughtless」指的是轻率的、没有考虑到他人的。这句话讲述了一个人在室友学习时播放响亮音乐的不体贴行为。通常用来指出一个人的行为缺乏对他人情感或需求的考虑。
  16. helpless
    • The lost child looked around, feeling completely helpless.
    • 讲解:「helpless」的意思是无助的。这个例句描述了一个迷路的孩子感到完全无助时的样子。这个词经常用于表达在某些情境下个人的无力感或需要帮助的状态。
  17. vain
    • He was vain about his achievements and constantly talked about them.
    • 讲解:「vain」意为自负的。这句话描述了某人对自己的成就感到非常自负,并且不停地谈论它们。这个词常用来形容一个人过度自我欣赏或关注自己的外表和成就。
  18. cautious
    • She was cautious about sharing her personal information online.
    • 讲解:「cautious」意味着谨慎的。例句说明了一个人在网上分享个人信息时的谨慎态度。这个词强调在行动前考虑潜在的风险和后果。
  19. arrogant
    • His arrogant attitude made it difficult for others to work with him.
    • 讲解:「arrogant」的意思是傲慢的。这个例句描述了一个人因为傲慢的态度而让其他人难以与之合作。这个词用来形容一个人过于自信并轻视他人的性格。
  20. aggressive
    • The debate became heated and his tone turned aggressive.
    • 讲解:「aggressive」意指好斗的或强硬的。这句话讲述了一场辩论变得激烈,他的语气变得攻击性强。这个词常用来描述行为或态度具有攻击性和强硬性。
  21. glum
    • He looked glum after hearing the news, hardly smiling for the rest of the day.
    • 讲解:「glum」意味着忧郁的、不高兴的。这个例句描述了某人听到某消息后显得忧郁,几乎整天都没有笑。这个词用于描述因为某些原因感到悲伤或失望的情绪状态。
  22. unfortunate
    • It was an unfortunate incident that nobody could have predicted.
    • 讲解:「unfortunate」意指不幸的、倒霉的。例句表达了某个事件是不幸的,且无人能够预测到。这个词用来形容事件或情况的负面性质,强调它带来的不幸或不利影响。
  23. awful
    • The food tasted awful, so nobody wanted a second serving.
    • 讲解:「awful」的意思是非常糟糕的、极坏的。这个例句说明食物尝起来非常糟糕,因此没有人想要再来一份。这个词常用于强烈地表达某物的负面品质或某种体验的不愉快。
  24. sinister
    • The dark alley had a sinister feel to it, making everyone uneasy.
    • 讲解:「sinister」意为邪恶的、不吉利的。这句话描述了一个黑暗的小巷给人一种邪恶的感觉,使每个人都感到不安。这个词用于描述某物或某种情况带有恶意或可能导致不好的结果。
  25. compliment
    • He received many compliments on his performance, making him feel proud.
    • 讲解:「compliment」是指赞美、恭维。这个例句讲述了某人因其表现而收到许多赞美,让他感到骄傲。这个词用来表示对某人或某物的正面评价和认可。
  26. appreciation
    • Showing appreciation for someone’s help is a good way to maintain a friendship.
    • 讲解:「appreciation」意为欣赏、感激。例句强调了对某人帮助表示感激是维持友谊的好方法。这个词通常用于表达对他人行为或贡献的正面评价和感激之情。
  27. award
    • She won an award for her outstanding contribution to the community.
    • 讲解:「award」意指奖项、奖赏。这个例句讲述了某人因为对社区的杰出贡献而获得奖项。这个词用于描述因为成就或表现而给予的认可或奖励。
  28. reward
    • The company offers a reward to employees who exceed their sales targets.
    • 讲解:「reward」意为奖励。例句说明公司提供奖励给那些超过销售目标的员工。这个词强调了为某人的努力或成就提供的回报或激励。
  29. mind
    • Please mind your manners at the dinner table.
    • 讲解:「mind」在这里的用法是指注意、留意。这个例句是在提醒某人在餐桌上注意礼仪。这个动词常用于提醒或警告某人注意他们的行为或周围的环境。
  30. recall
    • I can’t recall where I put my keys; I’ve looked everywhere.
    • 讲解:「recall」意为回忆起、记得。这句话表达了某人不能回忆起他们把钥匙放在哪里,已经到处找过了。这个词用于描述试图从记忆中找回某个信息或事件的过程。
  31. chew
    • Remember to chew your food well before swallowing to aid digestion.
    • 讲解:「chew」意为咀嚼。这个例句是在提醒人们在吞咽食物之前要好好咀嚼,以帮助消化。这个动词关注的是吃东西时的一个重要过程,有助于维护良好的饮食习惯。
  32. speak
    • Always speak kindly to others, as your words have the power to hurt or heal.
    • 讲解:「speak」意为说话。这句话提醒我们总是要友好地对待他人,因为你的话语有伤害或治愈的力量。这个动词强调了言语交流的方式和对人际关系的影响。
  33. comment
    • He made a positive comment on her project, encouraging her to continue her work.
    • 讲解:「comment」指的是评论、评述。例句中某人对她的项目做出了积极的评论,鼓励她继续她的工作。这个词用于描述对某件事物的意见或反馈,可以是正面的也可以是负面的。
  34. slouch
    • Don’t slouch at the table; sit up straight to show good manners.
    • 讲解:「slouch」意为懒散地坐或站。这个例句是在提醒人们不要在桌子旁懒散地坐着,应该坐直,以显示良好的礼仪。这个动词通常用于指代身体姿势,特别是在强调良好或恰当的姿势方面。
  35. lean
    • Lean forward when you’re listening to show you’re engaged in the conversation.
    • 讲解:「lean」意为倾斜、靠向。这句话建议在听别人说话时向前倾斜,以显示你在对话中的参与度。这个动词描述了身体朝某个方向倾斜的动作,常用来表示注意力或态度.

Vocabulary Multiple Choice Questions

Instructions: Choose the most appropriate answer for each question. Write its number in the brackets provided.

1. When you say “thank you” to someone, you show that you are ___ to him.
(1) grateful
(2) sincere
(3) charming
(4) loyal

2. When car drivers ___ to each other, they are showing good road manners.
(1) give up
(2) make up
(3) give way
(4) make way

3. We should learn to ___ some happiness around by sharing our things with our friends.
(1) extend
(2) welcome
(3) settle
(4) spread

4. The ___ man did not hold the door open for the old lady behind him.
(1) courteous
(2) considerate
(3) thoughtless
(4) helpless

5. Frank was so ___ after the match he did not even shake hands with the other players.
(1) vain
(2) cautious
(3) arrogant
(4) aggressive

6. It is rude to look ___ and unsmiling when someone is talking to you.
(1) glum
(2) unfortunate
(3) awful
(4) sinister

7. I was very happy when my teacher paid me a(n) ___.
(1) compliment
(2) appreciation
(3) award
(4) reward

Fill in the Blanks

Instructions: Read the passage carefully. Choose the correct word from the words given in the box and fill in the blanks. USE EACH WORD ONCE ONLY.

Words: mind, recall, chew, speak, comment, slouch, lean

Priya had been invited to her friend’s house for a sleepover. Her mother had a few parting words about table manners as she packed Priya’s overnight bag.

“Remember, don’t (8) ___ with your mouth full and always keep it closed when you (9) ___! I’ve also reminded you time and time again to sit up straight and not (10) ___ at the table.”

Priya groaned. She was itching to leave!

“I know, I know, Mum. I have to (11) ___ my manners and not (12) ___ about the food if I don’t like it. I will also finish everything on my plate and thank the hosts at the end of the meal.”

Mum smiled. “I see you’re all set then! Have fun at Tanya’s house!” With a grin, Priya picked up her bag ready to go.