1. foreground – 前景
    • The artist painted a beautiful tree in the foreground of the landscape.
    • 讲解:Foreground 指的是画面或场景中最靠近观察者的部分,常用于摄影、绘画和描述场景时,强调那些在视觉上位于最前面的元素。
  2. background – 背景
    • The mountains in the background made the picture even more stunning.
    • 讲解:Background 是指某个场景或事物的背后部分,用来形容在主要对象或事件后面的元素,可以是实际的物理位置,也可以比喻用来描述某人的历史或经历。
  3. surface – 表面
    • The surface of the lake was perfectly still, reflecting the sky above.
    • 讲解:Surface 通常指的是物体的外层或者顶层部分,可以是实体的如桌面、地球表面,也可以用来形容较为浅显的层面或外貌特征。
  4. enclosure – 围栏,围绕的空间
    • The farmer built an enclosure to keep the sheep safe.
    • 讲解:Enclosure 指的是用围墙、篱笆等将某个区域围起来形成的封闭或半封闭空间,常用于农场、动物园等需要限制动物活动范围的场所。
  5. astronauts – 宇航员
    • Astronauts undergo rigorous training before their space mission.
    • 讲解:Astronauts 是指那些接受过专门训练,能够执行太空任务的人。这个词强调的是人类探索太空的勇士,他们完成科研、维护国际空间站等任务。
  6. astrologers – 占星师
    • Many people consult astrologers to gain insight into their future.
    • 讲解:Astrologers 是指那些通过观察星象来预测人们命运和未来的专家。尽管占星术在科学界常常受到质疑,但它在很多文化中仍有其历史和影响力。
  7. pioneers – 先驱者
    • The pioneers of space exploration have paved the way for future missions.
    • 讲解:Pioneers 指的是在某个领域或活动中首先进行探索或创新的人,常用来形容那些开辟新领域、新技术的先锋人物。
  8. wanderers – 漫游者,流浪者
    • The old poet was a wanderer, traveling from town to town.
    • 讲解:Wanderers 指的是那些没有固定住所,四处漫游的人。这个词强调的是自由或漂泊的生活方式,常带有一定的浪漫色彩。
  9. progress – 进步
    • Human progress in technology has been remarkable over the past century.
    • 讲解:Progress 是指在某个领域或任务中向前发展或改善的过程,常用来描述技术、社会、个人能力等方面的积极变化。
  10. quest – 寻求,探索
    • The scientist’s quest for a cure to the disease was finally successful.
    • 讲解:Quest 强调的是寻找或追求某样东西的长期努力,常带有探索未知、追求高尚目标的含义。
  11. trek – 艰苦的旅行
    • They made a long trek through the desert to reach the oasis.
    • 讲解:Trek 指的是长距离且往往困难重重的旅程,常用来形容步行穿越荒野、山脉等具有挑战性的旅行。
  12. voyage – 航行,航海
    • The voyage across the Atlantic Ocean took the sailors several weeks.
    • 讲解:Voyage 通常指的是通过水域的长途旅行,特别是指航海或航行过程中的经历和探险。
  13. sheath – 鞘,保护套
    • The knight slid his sword back into its sheath after the battle.
    • 讲解:Sheath 是指用来包裹或保护某物的外壳或套子,常用来形容剑鞘或其他工具的保护性套管。
  14. charm – 魅力,护身符
    • The traveler wore a charm around his neck to ward off evil spirits.
    • 讲解:Charm 在这里既可以指一种吸引力或魅力,也可以指作为护身符的小物品,用来带来好运或保护佩戴者免受坏运气或邪恶力量的影响。
  15. shield – 盾,保护物
    • The warrior raised his shield to defend against the incoming arrows.
    • 讲解:Shield 指的是用来提供保护,防止伤害的物品,尤其是战斗中用来挡箭矢、剑击的盾牌。在比喻意义上也用来形容任何提供保护作用的事物。
  1. cloak – 斗篷,遮盖物
    • The spy wore a dark cloak to blend into the shadows.
    • 讲解:Cloak 通常指一种宽松的外衣,覆盖身体的大部分区域,用于保暖或隐藏身份。在比喻意义上,它也可以指隐藏真相或意图的手段。
  2. empire – 帝国
    • The Roman Empire was one of the largest and most powerful in history.
    • 讲解:Empire 指的是由多个民族、国家组成,中央权力集中,通常由一位皇帝统治的大范围国家。它强调的是权力和领土的广泛扩展。
  3. government – 政府
    • The government announced new policies to improve the economy.
    • 讲解:Government 指的是一个国家或地区进行政策制定和行政管理的机构或集体,负责制定和执行法律、维护社会秩序等。
  4. reign – 统治
    • Queen Elizabeth II’s reign has been the longest in British history.
    • 讲解:Reign 通常指君主或领导人的统治期间。它强调的是在位者的掌权时期,以及其政策和影响力对国家或地区的影响。
  5. control – 控制
    • The pilot regained control of the airplane after a brief turbulence.
    • 讲解:Control 强调的是对某事物的指挥、操纵或支配能力,可以用于描述人、机械或情境下的管理和调整。
  6. rampage – 横冲直撞,暴走
    • The bull went on a rampage through the china shop, breaking everything in sight.
    • 讲解:Rampage 指的是无序的、破坏性的行为,通常在愤怒或兴奋的驱动下进行,强调不受控制的破坏行为。
  7. rage – 愤怒
    • The injustice of the situation filled him with rage.
    • 讲解:Rage 指的是极度的愤怒或激烈的情感爆发,通常指因不满、挫败感或不公平而产生的强烈情绪。
  8. amok – 狂暴,失控
    • The rumors spread amok, causing panic in the community.
    • 讲解:Amok 通常描述人或动物失去理智,行为失控,并可能导致伤害或破坏的状态。它强调极度混乱和不可预测的行为。
  9. berserk – 狂暴的
    • He went berserk when he found out his car had been stolen.
    • 讲解:Berserk 描述一个人因极度愤怒或激动而表现出野蛮、不受控制的行为。源自于北欧神话中的狂战士,这个词强调失去理性的狂暴行为。
  10. sheen – 光泽,光辉
    • The silk fabric had a smooth sheen that made it look very luxurious.
    • 讲解:Sheen 指的是平滑或光滑物体表面反射的柔和光泽。它常用来形容物体因为高质量或清洁而具有的吸引力。
  11. flare – 闪耀,闪光
    • The flare of the match illuminated the room for a brief moment.
    • 讲解:Flare 通常指光线的突然闪耀或爆发,可以用来描述火光、光芒的瞬间增亮。在比喻意义上,也可用来形容情绪的突然爆发。
  1. flare – 闪耀,闪光
    • The flare of the sun peeking through the curtains woke her up early in the morning.
    • 讲解:Flare 指的是一种强烈的光线突然出现并照亮周围环境,常用来描述太阳、灯光等光源的瞬间增亮现象,也可用于比喻情感的突发。
  2. glimmer – 微光
    • A glimmer of hope appeared when they found the missing hiker’s backpack.
    • 讲解:Glimmer 描述的是微弱的、勉强可以察觉的光线或希望。它通常用来形容在黑暗或绝望中仍然存在的一线希望或光亮。
  3. jangle – 刺耳的响声
    • The jangle of keys in his pocket announced his arrival before he entered the room.
    • 讲解:Jangle 指的是不和谐、尖锐的金属性声音,如钥匙链相碰撞的声音。这个词常用来形容使人不安或注意力分散的声音。
  4. barren – 贫瘠的
    • The barren landscape offered little shelter from the harsh sun.
    • 讲解:Barren 用来形容土地贫瘠、不育的状态,无法生长植物或产生生命。在比喻意义上,也可以描述缺乏创造力或成果的情况。
  5. absolute – 绝对的
    • She had absolute faith in her team’s ability to win the championship.
    • 讲解:Absolute 描述的是完全的、不受限制的或不容置疑的状态或品质。常用来形容权力、信念或属性的完整无缺。
  6. extraordinary – 非凡的
    • The athlete’s extraordinary performance broke several world records.
    • 讲解:Extraordinary 指的是远超常规或平凡的事物、行为或能力。这个词强调的是某人或某物的非凡特质或成就。
  7. mind-boggling – 难以置信的
    • The complexity of the universe is truly mind-boggling.
    • 讲解:Mind-boggling 用来形容那些难以理解或难以相信的事物,强调的是某个事物的复杂性或巨大规模给人造成的震惊或困惑。
  8. transported – 被运送
    • She felt transported to another world when she read the fantasy novel.
    • 讲解:Transported 在这里不仅指物理上的移动,更多地是用于形容心灵或情绪上的转移,比如被艺术或文学作品感动到仿佛置身其境。
  9. heart-stopping – 惊心动魄的
    • The movie’s heart-stopping climax left everyone on the edge of their seats.
    • 讲解:Heart-stopping 用来形容那些极其惊险或令人激动的瞬间,常用来描绘让人屏息或心跳加速的体验。
  10. descriptions – 描述
    • The book’s vivid descriptions of alien worlds captured the imagination of its readers.
    • 讲解:Descriptions 指的是对人、地方或事物特征的文字表达,通过详细的描述帮助读者在心中构建起清晰的图像。

 

Multiple Choice Questions

  1. From the spaceship, everything on the new planet looked grey and rocky. ( )
    • (1) foreground
    • (2) background
    • (3) surface
    • (4) enclosure
  2. The commander sent two __________ from the spaceship to explore the new planet. ( )
    • (1) astronauts
    • (2) astrologers
    • (3) pioneers
    • (4) wanderers
  3. The spacecraft was making its first __________ into space. ( )
    • (1) progress
    • (2) quest
    • (3) trek
    • (4) voyage
  4. The magician wore a golden stone around his neck as a lucky __________ to protect him from evil powers. ( )
    • (1) sheath
    • (2) charm
    • (3) shield
    • (4) cloak
  5. During the evil king’s __________ of terror, the people did not have enough to eat and were very poor. ( )
    • (1) empire
    • (2) government
    • (3) reign
    • (4) control
  6. The pirates went __________ when they found out that the magician had stolen their treasure. ( )
    • (1) rampage
    • (2) rage
    • (3) amok
    • (4) berserk
  7. The streets are lined with colourful stones which __________ in the sun. ( )
    • (1) sheen
    • (2) flare
    • (3) glimmer
    • (4) jangle

Vocabulary Fill-in-the-Blanks

Read the passage carefully. Choose the correct word from the words given in the box and fill in the blanks. USE EACH WORD ONCE ONLY.

Words: barren, absolute, extraordinary, mind-boggling, transported, heart-stopping, descriptions

Good morning, I am Brenda Lee, and my favourite pastime is reading. I especially like to read books about fantasy and science fiction because I get (8) __________ into a whole new world away from my everyday life, which can be quite boring and sometimes stressful. In these books, the main character usually has (9) __________ powers, such as turning invisible or being able to fly. They also go on exciting and (10) __________ adventures to save their world and stop their evil foe. I also enjoy the (11) __________ of the different worlds in these books. One day I could be in a lush forest which holds secrets in every corner. On another day I could be in a(n) (12) __________ land where nature has been killed off by pollution. That is the beauty of imagination!